Tuesday, January 11, 2011

The types of tulip garden

There are about a hundred types of tulips are often planted in the garden. When viewed from the leaf crown, there are tulips have petals that do not open during the bloom (still like a contract), wide-open petals during bloom, the curved edge of the leaf crown, and the pointed edge of the leaf crown. When viewed from the time of flowering, tulips are classified into:
 * Single Early (a layer of petals, early flowering)

Interest only has 6 leaf crown. Flowering in early April. This species is descended from a type of 'Duke Van Thol'. Plants tend to be short, about 20-30 cm plant height. Example: 'Apricot Beauty' and 'Christmas Dream. "

* Double Early (layered petals, early flowering)

Interest has more than 6 leaf crown but fewer in number than other types of Double Late. Plant height about 20-30 cm. Flowers durable and strong stalks. Flowering in early April. This species is a descendant of tulips 'Murillo' with white flowers, consisting of 120 cultivars. Example: 'Peach Blossom' and 'Monte Carlo. "

* Kaufmaniana

Type of Tulipa species developed from Turkestan kaufmanniana origin. This type of tulip bloom very early, in Washington, DC sometimes already blooming in early March. Short stalks, the flowers open wide in the sun so it looks like a hexagonal star. Flowering in early April. Plant height about 10-20 cm.

* Fosteriana

Kind of easy to breed, a hybrid variety of Tulip originating from Central Asia. Flowering in early April. Plant height of about 25-51 cm. Example: 'Purissima' (white) and 'Sweetheart' (yellow with white at the edge of the leaf crown).
 Tulip flowering rather slow
* Triumph

This species is the result of Single Early hybrids with the kinds of slow flowering. Typical oval shape Tulip flower, flower stem is strong and can survive in adverse weather conditions. This type is widely used for cut flowers. Plant height of about 25-41 cm. Flowering in mid-April. This cultivar has a variety of colors, such as' Negrita '(purple),' Kees Nelis' (mixture of red and yellow), 'White Dream' (white), 'Prominence' (red), 'Cairo' (brown), 'Zurel '(a mixture of purple and white),' Gavota '(deep red with yellow edge). One of the cultivars is to use the name of city in Indonesia, namely Tulip 'Makassar' which is yellow.

* Darwin Hybrid

This species is known only after World War 2, is the result of a hybrid between Tulipa fosteriana large and 'Darwin'. This species has a large interest than other types Tulip so often planted in flower gardens and produced large-scale as cut flowers. Planting easier, have a strong trunk and resistant to virus attacks. Plant height of about 30-51 cm. Flowering in mid-April. Flower color variation is not too much, among others: 'Pink Impression' (pink), 'Apeldoorn' and 'Oxford' (red). In addition, there are also other colors that have descendants' Apeldoorn 'and the' Oxford, 'such as' Golden Oxford' (dark yellow), 'Blushing Apeldoorn' (yellowish orange), and 'Oxford Elite (orange with yellow edge).

* Greigii

This type is developed from Tulipa species origin greigii Turkestan. Sturdy trunk, a medium-sized flowers that open wide in the sun to show the basic old-colored flowers to black. Leaf patterned like typical lines or shades of purple. Flowering in early April. Plant height about 20-30 cm.

Tulip late-flowering Tulip  
* Single Late (leaf crown layer, late flowering)

All cultivars of this species has a long and strong stems. This species is a collection of the types such as 'Breeder', 'Darwin' and 'Cottage', each of which has been lost due to typical hybridization results. Plant height of about 37-76 cm. Flowering in late April. 'Ile-de-France' is one cultivar of this species are flowering more quickly than species flowering early. Example: 'Pink Diamond' (pink) and 'Queen of Night' (dark purple).

* Double Late (layered petals, flowering slow)

This species Peony Flowered Tulip designation because it has a flower like a peony flower. The flowers are large with a crown of leaves in layers. This species should be planted in a protected place for flowers that are large can not stand heavy rain and strong winds. Plant height of about 30-41 cm. Flowering in late April. This species has only a few cultivars, such as 'Angelique' (pink and white), 'Mount Tacoma' (white), 'Ice Cream' (bottom of pink, white top).

* Lily-flowered Tulip

This type of long-stem length and has a crown of flowers by the edge of the divided leaves and spiky flowers like Lili. In ancient times in general have a Tulip flower shape like this. Tulip acuminata origin of species but have a strong stem. Popular as cut flowers. Plant height of about 36-76 cm. Flowering in late April. Example: 'West Point' (yellow), 'Ballerina' (orange), 'Marilyn' (white with red brush strokes).

* Fringed Group (the edge of the crystal)

This species has a crown of leaves that decorated the edges like crystals or tassels. Flower looks very beautiful and durable. Plant height of about 20-76 cm. Flowering in late April. Most Tulip is a mutant species of type Single Late. Tulip 'Crystal Beauty' with red flowers is a mutant of 'Apeldoorn' ornaments such as crystals forming at the edge of the leaf crown. Tulip 'Barbados' has a crown with leaf edge decorations like tassels sharp, while the edge of the leaf crown of Tulip 'Royal Sphinx' only have decorative tassels very little to almost invisible. Another example: 'Fancy Frill' (pink) and 'Hamilton' (yellow).

* Viridiflora (green line)

Type of Single Late relatives who still has a green line on the crown of leaves starting from the basic interest rate to the edge of the leaf crown. Long-lived plants and flowers are often used for cut flowers. Plant height of about 41-61 cm. Flowering in late April. Example: 'Spring Green' (white lines green) and 'Greenland' (pink striped green).

* Rembrandt

This type of descent from Darwin which changes color is caused by several types of viruses. At first people did not know that the colors are fantastic motifs such as brush strokes are caused by viruses, so this kind Tulip traded at a price like crazy in the 17th century until the 18th century. Original Rembrandt tulips are diseased there is no more and replaced by disease-free type of Rembrandt. Flowering in late April. Cultivars that something like for example: 'Bizarre' and 'Ice Follies. "

* Parrot

This species is known from leaf-like feather crown. Type of Parrot as much as 99% represents a change from the kinds of Tulip other. It is said that there are theories that say such corolla corolla is due to separation is not perfect. The kind that is now having a strong stem, while the species present in former times have weak stems. Color can vary, but in the middle of the leaf crown would have patches of green. This species is extremely vulnerable to bad weather and should be planted in a protected place. Plant height of about 31-41 cm. Flowering in late April. Example: 'Flaming Parrot' (yellow and red streaks), 'Estella Rijnveld' (a mixture of red and white) and 'Blue Parrot' (dark blue purplefish).

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